Students must have an understanding of the relationship between the coordinates of the shape before and after its

transformation, and the scale factor for a

dilation from the origin. Using the coordinates, students are able to identify the

scale factor. Students identify the

transformation based on given coordinates. Transformations include

rotations,

reflections,

translations, and

dilations. Students must be able to make statements about the

transformations the figures maintain the same shape, as well as explaining that when the size of the shape is changed

proportionally the shapes are no longer

congruent, or the exact same. Students must also recognize that the orientation of the figure and/or orientation of the vertices may change depending on the type of movement. These movements of shapes must be on an (

*x*,

*y*) graph.